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About This Site

About This Site

3 Steps Toward Preventing Infections During Cancer Treatment (3 Steps) is an evidence-based, interactive online program designed to help assess a cancer patient’s risk for developing both a low white blood cell count during chemotherapy and subsequent infections. After completing a short questionnaire, cancer patients and caregivers will receive messages designed to educate them about keeping themselves healthy while receiving chemotherapy.

What Is Risk?

Risk describes a  person’s chance of getting a condition or a disease. The 3 Steps tool estimates the risk for getting a low white blood cell count and possible infections while receiving chemotherapy.

Of course, this tool only provides an estimate. Determining an individual’s risk of disease or a specific condition is not an exact science. You should speak with your doctor or nurse about your specific risk.

How Does the Tool Estimate Your Risk?

The tool will look at each answer you provide and decide if you have any risk factors that may put you at a high risk for getting a low white blood cell count during chemotherapy. Depending on your risk factors, you will then be placed in either a low-risk or high-risk category and will be given helpful tips on how to help lower your risk for developing infections during chemotherapy treatment.

Who Developed 3 Steps Toward Preventing Infections During Cancer Treatment?

The content for this Web site was developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in collaboration with experts in the fields of oncology and infection control. The Web site is part of a larger program called Preventing Infections in Cancer Patients, a comprehensive program focused on providing information, action steps and tools for patients, their families, and their healthcare providers to reduce the risk of developing potentially life-threatening infections during chemotherapy treatment. This program was made possible through a CDC Foundation partnership with, and funding from, Amgen. As part of the partnership, the CDC Foundation considered oncology expertise provided by Amgen. Learn more about the program at Learn more about CDC's work to prevent infections in cancer patients at

For more information on the science behind this Web site as well as additional resources, please review the Helpful Web Sites and References located in this section.

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Program Materials

To help raise awareness about the importance of preventing infections in cancer patients, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) created a variety of resources for patients as well as for use in provider’s offices, patient rooms, and work areas. These resources include posters, fact sheets, post cards, videos, and more. View Materials >

"I never thought seriously about the risk of infection until I was hospitalized and unable to fight a fever. It’s so important to understand what steps you can take to help protect yourself."Donna Deegan, News AnchorBreast Cancer Survivor 

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